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iLowerSecondary - Also known as International Lower Secondary is Years 7, 8 & 9 in the Edexcel curriculum.

On this page you will find information regarding Year 9 core subjects curriculum. All information available on this page is directly sourced from Pearson Edexcel. 

iLowerSecondary: Year 9 English Curriculum

Qualifications aims and objectives

The aims and objectives of this qualification are to enable students to: 

• Read and demonstrate understanding of different types of non-fiction and fiction texts 
• Read accurately with fluency, demonstrating literal and implicit understanding 
• Compare non-fiction texts effectively 
• Acquire a variety of vocabulary and show understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading and writing 
• Write with clarity, accuracy and coherence, adapting language and style to suit different purposes and audiences. 

Assessment Overview 

The Pearson Edexcel International Award in Lower Secondary English requires students to demonstrate knowledge, understanding and application of the following skills, drawn from Year 9 of the Pearson Edexcel iLowerSecondary English Curriculum. The content amplification also includes aspects of learning from Years 7, 8 and 9.



Students should gain experience of reading a variety of non-fiction texts that are written to:

  • Argue 

  • Describe

  • Explain

  • Inform

  • Persuade

Students should gain experience of reading the following text types:

  • Autobiography/biography 

  • Blogs 

  • Journals 

  • Leaflets, brochures, guides 

  • Newspaper and magazine articles 

  • Instructions 

  • Recount 

  • Reports. 


Fiction Text

Students should gain experience of reading a variety of fiction texts that give the following narrative perspectives: 

  • First person 

  • Third person 

  • Omniscient. 

Students should gain experience of reading the following genres: 

  • Adventure 

  • Fantasy 

  • Historical 

  • Mystery 

  • Science fiction. 

Section B: Writing

Writing skills need to be applied to the following. Writing for different audiences, such as specific or generic adults (such as a newspaper readership or a manufacturer) older children and children of their own age.

Forms of writing

  • Autobiographical 

  • Biographical 

  • Descriptive 

  • Diary 

  • Letter 

  • Narrative 

  • Newsletter 

  • Recount. 

Purpose of writing

  • Argue 

  • Describe 

  • Entertain 

  • Explain 

  • Express an opinion 

  • Inform 

  • Persuade. 

iLowerSecondary: Year 9 Mathematics Curriculum


Qualifications aims and objectives

  • Become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, giving them the ability to recall and apply complex formulae, terminology and facts with increasing speed and accuracy; this includes varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that students develop conceptual understanding 

  • Demonstrate detailed understanding of complex mathematical procedures consistently, apply and use terminology, facts and notations, apply detailed understanding of complex mathematical procedures, notations and concepts to a given context 

  • Present and organise data in a variety of forms with limited guidance, interpret information from graphs, tables, charts and lists and draw conclusions. Use a logical approach to generate efficient strategies to solve problems by translating problems into a series of mathematical processes 

  • Solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. 

Assessment Overview 

Section A: Numbers 


  • Integers

  • Fractions and Decimals

  • Percentages

  • Calculation Skills

  • Ratio and proportion

  • Standard Form

Section B: Algebra

  • Expressions and formulae

  • Equations

  • Sequences

  • Graphs

  • Inequalities

Section C: Geometry

  • Measure

  • Angles

  • Symmetry

  • Transformations

  • Constructions

  • Congruence and similarity

  • Pythagoras’ theorem and trigonometry

Section D: Statistics

  • Data

  • Charts and Diagrams

  • Probability

iLowerSecondary: Year 9 Science Curriculum

Qualification Aims and Objectives 

The sciences are taught in ways that ensure that students have the knowledge to enable them to develop curiosity about the natural world, insight into working scientifically, and appreciation of the relevance of science to their everyday lives, so that they develop: 

Scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding in the areas of biology, chemistry and physics 
Understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through scientific enquiry, which helps them to answer scientific questions on the world around them 
Learning of how to apply observational, practical and enquiry-based skills to the world around them 
Their ability to evaluate claims based on science through critical analysis of methods, evidence and conclusions, both qualitative and quantitative. 

Section A: Biology

Structure and function of living organisms:

  • Life Processes 

  • Cells and Organizations 

  • Pathogens 

  • Movement of molecules

Humans and Animals:

  • The digestive system

  • The circulatory system


  • Structure, photosynthesis and crop yield


Organisms and their environment:

  • Interactions with the environment 

  • Interactions between living organisms 

  • Further interactions with the environment

Section B: Chemistry


  • Particle model

  • Pure substances and mixtures

  • Separating mixtures

  • Elements, atoms and compounds

  • Model of an atom

Periodic Table

  • Introduction

  • Arrangement of elements and Group 1 elements

Earth and atmosphere

  • Composition of air

  • Materials made from substances in the earth

Chemical reactions 

  • Introduction 

  • More on Combustion

  • Formulae and equations

  • Acids, basis and alkalis

  • Reactivity series

  • Rate of reaction

Section C: Physics


  • Energy stores and energy transfer

  • Conservation of energy


  • Electric current 

  • Circuits

  • Voltage and potential difference

  • Magnetism and electromagnetism

  • Static electricity

  • Resistance, current and voltage



  • Introduction to sound waves

  • Sound detection

  • Reflection and refraction of light



  • Different types of forces

  • More on gravity

  • Forces and motion 

  • Turning `forces

  • Stretching forces

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